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 Maha bhoota Satara

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Dinesh




PostSubject: Maha bhoota Satara   Mon Mar 16, 2009 4:19 pm

What are the Satara Maha Bhoota? If anybody knows please explain.

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PostSubject: Sathara maha datu   Mon Mar 16, 2009 11:41 pm

Sathara Maha Datu means four kinds of elements.

There is a sutta called Maha Hattipadopama Sutta, you can find a great explanation from that sutta.

English Translation
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/mn/mn.028.than.html

Sinhala Translation
Go to > tipitaka.mahamevna.org > Sutta Pitaka > Majjima Nikaya > Mula Pannasaka > Opamma Vagga > Maha Hatti Padopama Sutta

read these suttas for know what buddha said about four elements and after that ask your question what you need to know about the topic.

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Dinesh




PostSubject: Re: Maha bhoota Satara   Tue Mar 17, 2009 11:47 pm

Thank you very much for the immediate reply. But what I really wanted to know is highlghted in red colour. Are there two meanings for that. Following paragraph has been extracted from Maha Rahulowada Sutta translated by Ven kiribathgoda Nanananda Thero.
Acording to this and many more sutta internal and external earth property is made of satara maha bhoota. This applies for the other three properties liquid, fire and wind.

පින්වත් රාහුල, තමා කෙරෙහි පවතින්නා වූ, තමා ගේ යැයි සළකන යම්කිසි ගොරෝසු වූ තද බවට පැමිණි, සතර මහා භූතයන්ගෙන් හටගත් යමක් ඇද්ද, ඒ කියන්නෙ; කෙස්, ලොම්, නිය, දත්, සම්, මස්, නහර, ඇට, ඇට මිදුළු, වකුගඩු, හදවත, අක්මාව, දලබුව, බඩදිව, පෙණහළු, කුඩා බඩවැල, මහා බඩවැල, ආමාශය, නො පැසුණු ආහාර, අසූචි ආදී වූ තවත් තමා කෙරෙහි පවතින්නා වූ, තමා ගේ යැයි සළකන යම්කිසි ගොරෝසු වූ, තද බවට පැමිණි, සතර මහා භූතයන්ගෙන් හටගත් දේවල් තමා තුළ ඇද්ද, පින්වත් රාහුල මෙයට තමයි තමා තුළ තිබෙන්නා වූ පඨවි ධාතුව කියා කියන්නේ. ඉතින් තමා තුළ තිබෙන්නා වූ යම් පඨවි ධාතුවක් ඇද්ද, බාහිර යම් පඨවි ධාතුවක් ඇද්ද, ඒ ඔක්කොම පඨවි ධාතු ම යි. ඒ පඨවි ධාතුව ‛මෙය මගේ නොවේ. මෙය මම නො වෙමි. මෙය මාගේ ආත්මය නොවේ කියා දියුණු කරන ලද ප්‍රඥාවෙන් ඒ අයුරින් ම යථාර්ථය අවබෝධ කරගත යුතුයි.

Theruwan Sarani!
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Nethra




PostSubject: Maha Bootha Ruupa - The Four Fundamental Elements   Thu Jun 23, 2011 3:41 pm

The Four Fundamental Elements
Abhidhamma In Daily Life_
By Ashin Janakabhivamsa

1. Pathavi Dhatu

The earth element is also called element of solidity. The earth as a foundation supports all other things. Due to its hardness, firmness and strength it is called pathavi. The earth, rocks, stones, masses of metals are all matter in which the pathavi dhatu is dominant.

2. Apo Dhatu

Just as water enhances the cohesion of dust or powdered materials so also apo dhatu, the element of cohesion, makes aggregates of tiny particles. When apo dhatu is dominant, it can dissolve other elements and become fluid. Water, urine, mucus, sweat, saliva, tears, etc. are material dominated by apo dhatu.

3. Tejo Dhatu

Just as heat of the sun can dry wet things, so also the tejo element prevents excessive dampness and viscosity of aggregate matter and maintains optimum dryness. The body of a healthy person is usually cool in the summer. This coolness also tejo dhatu.

There are thus two types of tejo and sita tejo. Utu (climate) is another name for rejo. When the body and environs are cool, sita tejo pervades the entire atmosphere. When hot, unha tejo does the same. If this tejo dhatu is hot when it should be hot and cool when it is the time for cool season, we have healthy climate. In our bodies if tejo is moderate we are healthy; if not we are sick; if in excess we die.

Therefore those who cannot adapt to the changing tejo should live with care. They should avoid traveling in intense heat or extreme cold; they should avoid eating very hot or very cold food. Water and ice are aggregate matter with excess of site tejo where as the sun fire of unha tejo.

Pacaka tejo dhatu: this type of tejo serves to digest our food. It originates from beneath the stomach. Powerful pacaka tejo helps digest the food eaten, but if it is feeble you cannot digest properly and get stomach disorder. In order to be healthy you need to eat tender digestible food.

4. Vayo Dhatu

Vayo dhatu is the element of motion. It is seen in the wind blowing about and pushing against things. This dhatu pushes or moves other aggregate matter.

In our body there are six types of wind: -

i. Uddhangama

Wind that moves upward, causing bleaching, coughing, sneezing and related illness. When we speak this wind moves constantly upwards and cause bowel discomfort. One should not speak with an empty stomach.

ii. Adhogama

Wind that moves downward causing bowel movement and frequent motion.

iii. Kucchittha

Wind that moves about in the visceral cavity apart from the large and small intestines.

iv. Kotthasaya

Wind that moves about inside the large and small intestines, pushing digestible food from the stomach into the rectum.

v. Anggamanganusari

Wind that moves within the limbs. If this wind does not move freely illness results. In our bodies there are small veins along which this wind moves. Staying in one posture for a long time prevents this wind from moving freely causing blood to accumulate at one location without flowing freely leading to stiffness and pain. To prevent this ailment, we should avoid remaining in one posture for a long time; and take walking exercise.

vi. Assasapassasa

Wind inhaled and exhaled by us. It is also known as anapana.

More: http://www.dharmaweb.org/index.php/Abhidhamma_In_Daily_Life_By_Ashin_Janakabhivamsa#What_are_Human.2C_Deva_and_Brahma.3F
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